What is Atrial Septostomy ?
It is a surgical procedure in which a small hole or gap is created between the two upper chambers of the heart called the atria. This procedure is done in children or adults with atrial septal defects or atrial transposition.It increases the oxygenation ability by allowing the atrial to pump blood properly. The hole is made using a catheter under general anaesthesia. There are different types of atrial septostomy based on the condition. Some of them are balloon septostomy, blade septostomy, atrial septal stenting, graded balloon dilation and radio-frequency based septostomy. It is also done in cases of other heart diseases like pulmonary hypertension.